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Dollinger, Hans (1967) [1965]. The Decline and Fall of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. New York: Bonanza. ISBN 978-0-517-01313-7. Among Goebbels' school papers offered for auction in 2012 were more than 100 love letters written between Goebbels and Stalherm. The Telegraph 2012. Orbeez are a type of water bead that expands when soaked in water. They can be used in a variety of ways, including as a decoration, in a sensory bin, or even in a science experiment.

Miller, Michael D.; Schulz, Andreas (2012). Albrecht, Herbert; Hüttmann, H. Wilhelm (eds.). Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders of the Nazi Party and their Deputies, 1925–1945. Bender. ISBN 978-1-932970-21-0.Goebbels, Joseph (1927) [1926]. "Der Nazi-Sozi"[The Nazi-Sozi]. German Propaganda Archive. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Calvin University. If international finance Jewry in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will not be the Bolshevization of the earth and thereby the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe! [177]

Hitler viewed Strasser's actions as a threat to his authority, and summoned 60 Gauleiters and party leaders, including Goebbels, to a special conference in Bamberg, in Streicher's Gau of Franconia, where he gave a two-hour speech repudiating Strasser's new political programme. [46] Hitler was opposed to the socialist leanings of the northern wing, stating it would mean "political bolshevization of Germany." Further, there would be "no princes, only Germans," and a legal system with no "Jewish system of exploitation... for plundering of our people." The future would be secured by acquiring land, not through expropriation of the estates of the former nobility, but through colonising territories to the east. [45] Goebbels was horrified by Hitler's characterisation of socialism as "a Jewish creation" and his assertion that a Nazi government would not expropriate private property. He wrote in his diary: "I no longer fully believe in Hitler. That's the terrible thing: my inner support has been taken away." [47] WASHABLE FIDGET TOYS: They easily wash clean with soap and water, so take these portable fidget toys wherever you go! Siemens, Daniel (2013). The Making of a Nazi Hero: The Murder and Myth of Horst Wessel. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-0-85773-313-9.Promising review: "Our soon-to-be 8-year-old son loves his fidget cube. He struggles with anxiety and mild ADHD and decided he wanted a calming box for his birthday. The fidget cube was one of the items we put in it and he plays with it all the time. He loves it." — Jennifer Moody Partly in response to being excluded from the Committee of Three, Goebbels pressured Hitler to introduce measures that would produce " total war", including closing businesses not essential to the war effort, conscripting women into the labour force, and enlisting men in previously exempt occupations into the Wehrmacht. [211] Some of these measures were implemented in an edict of 13 January, but to Goebbels' dismay, Göring demanded that his favourite restaurants in Berlin should remain open, and Lammers successfully lobbied Hitler to have women with children exempted from conscription, even if they had child care available. [212] After receiving an enthusiastic response to his speech of 30 January 1943 on the topic, Goebbels believed he had the support of the German people in his call for total war. [213] His next speech, the Sportpalast speech of 18 February 1943, was a passionate demand for his audience to commit to total war, which he presented as the only way to stop the Bolshevik onslaught and save the German people from destruction. The speech also had a strong antisemitic element and hinted at the extermination of the Jewish people that was already underway. [214] The speech was presented live on radio and was filmed as well. [215] During the live version of the speech, Goebbels accidentally begins to mention the "extermination" of the Jews; this is omitted in the published text of the speech. [216] For two further elections held in 1932, Goebbels organised massive campaigns that included rallies, parades, speeches, and Hitler travelling around the country by aeroplane with the slogan "the Führer over Germany". [100] Goebbels wrote in his diary that the Nazis must gain power and exterminate Marxism. [101] He undertook numerous speaking tours during these election campaigns and had some of their speeches published on gramophone records and as pamphlets. Goebbels was also involved in the production of a small collection of silent films that could be shown at party meetings, though they did not yet have enough equipment to widely use this medium. [102] [103] Many of Goebbels' campaign posters used violent imagery such as a giant half-clad male destroying political opponents or other perceived enemies such as "International High Finance". [104] His propaganda characterised the opposition as " November criminals", "Jewish wire-pullers", or a communist threat. [105] Support for the party continued to grow, but neither of these elections led to a majority government. In an effort to stabilise the country and improve economic conditions, Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Reich chancellor on 30 January 1933. [106] The Propaganda Ministry took over the broadcasting facilities of conquered countries immediately after surrender, and began broadcasting prepared material using the existing announcers as a way to gain the trust of the citizens. [194] Most aspects of the media, both domestically and in the conquered countries, were controlled by Goebbels and his department. [195] [c] The German Home Service, the Armed Forces Programme, and the German European Service were all rigorously controlled in everything from the information they were permitted to disseminate to the music they were allowed to play. [196] Party rallies, speeches, and demonstrations continued; speeches were broadcast on the radio and short propaganda films were exhibited using 1,500 mobile film vans. [197] Hitler made fewer public appearances and broadcasts as the war progressed, so Goebbels increasingly became the voice of the Nazi regime for the German people. [196] From May 1940 he wrote frequent editorials that were published in Das Reich which were later read aloud over the radio. [198] He found films to be his most effective propaganda medium, after radio. [199] At his insistence, initially half the films made in wartime Germany were propaganda films (particularly on antisemitism) and war propaganda films (recounting both historical wars and current exploits of the Wehrmacht). [200]

Promising review: "I’ve seen those bubble-popper toys everywhere but hesitated to get them because they seemed like the kind of thing your kid might play with for five minutes and then forget about. But this 'Tetris'-style puzzle I was drawn to right away — the nostalgia of the classic game morphed into a sensory experience sounded awesome to me. And it is! I love this thing. It’s so satisfying to put together and pop the little bubbles. My six- and three-year-old and I played with it for like a solid hour right away!" — Emily In the last months of the war, Goebbels' speeches and articles took on an increasingly apocalyptic tone. [242] By the beginning of 1945, with the Soviets on the Oder River and the Western Allies preparing to cross the Rhine River, he could no longer disguise the inevitability of German defeat. [243] Berlin had little in the way of fortifications or artillery, and even Volkssturm units were in short supply, as almost everything and everyone had been sent to the front. [244] Goebbels noted in his diary on 21 January that millions of Germans were fleeing westward. [245] He tentatively discussed with Hitler the issue of making peace overtures to the western allies, but Hitler again refused. Privately, Goebbels was conflicted at pushing the case with Hitler since he did not want to lose Hitler's confidence. [246]Goebbels returned home and worked as a private tutor. He also found work as a journalist and was published in the local newspaper. His writing during that time reflected his growing antisemitism and dislike for modern culture. In the summer of 1922, he met and began a love affair with Else Janke, a schoolteacher. [23] After she revealed to him that she was half-Jewish, Goebbels stated the "enchantment [was] ruined." [24] Nevertheless, he continued to see her on and off until 1927. [25] Goebbels first took an interest in Adolf Hitler and Nazism in 1924. [36] In February 1924, Hitler's trial for treason began in the wake of his failed attempt to seize power in the Beer Hall Putsch of 8–9 November 1923. [37] The trial attracted widespread press coverage and gave Hitler a platform for propaganda. [38] Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison, but was released on 20 December 1924, after serving just over a year. [39] Goebbels was drawn to the Nazi Party mostly because of Hitler's charisma and commitment to his beliefs. [40] He joined the Nazi Party around this time, becoming member number 8762. [29] In late 1924, Goebbels offered his services to Karl Kaufmann, who was Gauleiter (Nazi Party district leader) for the Rhine-Ruhr District. Kaufmann put him in touch with Gregor Strasser, a leading Nazi organiser in northern Germany, who hired him to work on their weekly newspaper and undertake secretarial work for the regional party offices. [41] He was also put to work as party speaker and representative for Rhineland- Westphalia. [42] Strasser founded the National Socialist Working Association on 10 September 1925, a short-lived group of about a dozen northern and western German Gauleiter; Goebbels became its business manager and the editor of its biweekly journal, NS-Briefe. [43] Members of Strasser's northern branch of the Nazi Party, including Goebbels, had a more socialist outlook than the rival Hitler group in Munich. [44] Strasser disagreed with Hitler on many parts of the party platform, and in November 1926 began working on a revision. [45] Like Hitler, Goebbels practised his public speaking skills in front of a mirror. Meetings were preceded by ceremonial marches and singing, and the venues were decorated with party banners. His entrance (almost always late) was timed for maximum emotional impact. Goebbels usually meticulously planned his speeches ahead of time, using pre-planned and choreographed inflection and gestures, but he was also able to improvise and adapt his presentation to make a good connection with his audience. [65] [64] He used loudspeakers, decorative flames, uniforms, and marches to attract attention to speeches. [66] After the Allied invasion of Sicily (July 1943) and the strategic Soviet victory in the Battle of Kursk (July–August 1943), Goebbels began to recognise that the war could no longer be won. [219] Following the Allied invasion of Italy and the fall of Mussolini in September, he raised with Hitler the possibility of a separate peace, either with the Soviets or with Britain. Hitler rejected both of these proposals. [220]

Whealey, Robert H. (1 December 1998). "Nazi Propagandist Joseph Goebbels Looks at the Spanish Civil War". The Historian. 61 (2): 341–360. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6563.1999.tb01030.x. ISSN 0018-2370.Hitler later removed the restriction on crucifixes, as it was damaging morale. Rees & Kershaw 2012. In 1933, Hitler signed the Reichskonkordat (Reich Concordat), a treaty with the Vatican that required the regime to honour the independence of Catholic institutions and prohibited clergy from involvement in politics. [155] However, the regime continued to target the Christian churches to weaken their influence. Throughout 1935 and 1936, hundreds of clergy and nuns were arrested, often on trumped up charges of currency smuggling or sexual offences. [156] [157] Goebbels widely publicised the trials in his propaganda campaigns, showing the cases in the worst possible light. [156] Restrictions were placed on public meetings, and Catholic publications faced censorship. Catholic schools were required to reduce religious instruction and crucifixes were removed from state buildings. [158] [b] Hitler often vacillated on whether or not the Kirchenkampf (church struggle) should be a priority, but his frequent inflammatory comments on the issue were enough to convince Goebbels to intensify his work on the issue; [159] in February 1937 he stated he wanted to eliminate the Protestant church. [160] In a move to manipulate Germany's middle class and shape popular opinion, the regime passed on 4 October 1933 the Schriftleitergesetz (Editor's Law), which became the cornerstone of the Nazi Party's control of the popular press. [128] Modelled to some extent on the system in Benito Mussolini's Italy, the law defined a Schriftleiter as anyone who wrote, edited, or selected texts and/or illustrated material for serial publication. Individuals selected for this position were chosen based on experiential, educational, and racial criteria. [129] The law required journalists to "regulate their work in accordance with National Socialism as a philosophy of life and as a conception of government." [130] Read, Anthony (2003). The Devil's Disciples: The Lives and Times of Hitler's Inner Circle. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0-224-06008-2. Kater, Michael H. (1 August 1990). "Inside Nazis The Goebbels Diaries, 1924–1941". Canadian Journal of History. 25 (2): 233–244. doi: 10.3138/cjh.25.2.233. ISSN 0008-4107.

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