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Franci's War: The incredible true story of one woman's survival of the Holocaust

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Discover POLITICO Pro In-depth reporting, data and actionable intelligence for policy professionals – all in one place. Francis (28 February 1518 – 10 August 1536): succeeded his mother Claude as Duke of Brittany, but died aged 18, unmarried with illegitimate issue. Hermann Suter: Le Laudi (The Praises) or Le Laudi di San Francesco d'Assisi, based on the Canticle of the Sun, ( oratorio, 1923) One morning in February 1208, Francis was taking part in a Mass in the chapel of St. Mary of the Angels, near which he had by then built himself a hut. The Gospel of the day was the "Commissioning of the Twelve" from the Book of Matthew. The disciples were to go and proclaim that the Kingdom of God is at hand. Francis was inspired to devote himself to a life of poverty. Having obtained a coarse woolen tunic, the dress then worn by the poorest Umbrian peasants, he tied it around himself with a knotted rope and went about exhorting the people of the countryside to penance, brotherly love, and peace. Francis's preaching to ordinary people was unusual as he had no license to do so. [1] The amorous exploits of Francis inspired the 1832 play by Fanny Kemble, Francis the First, and the 1832 play by Victor Hugo, Le Roi s'amuse ("The King's Amusement"), which featured the jester Triboulet, the inspiration for the 1851 opera Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi. [51]

a b c Adams, Tracy (2010). The Life and Afterlife of Isabeau of Bavaria. Johns Hopkins University Press. p.255. His comments were intended to “encourage young people to preserve and promote what is positive in Russia’s great cultural and spiritual heritage”. The Christmas scenes made by Saint Francis at the time were not inanimate objects, but live ones, later commercialised into inanimate representations of the Blessed Lord and His parents. Francis' attitude towards Protestantism changed for the worse following the " Affair of the Placards", on the night of 17 October 1534, in which notices appeared on the streets of Paris and other major cities denouncing the Catholic mass. The most fervent Catholics were outraged by the notice's allegations. Francis himself came to view the movement as a plot against him and began to persecute its followers. Protestants were jailed and executed. In some areas, whole villages were destroyed. In Paris, after 1540, Francis had heretics such as Étienne Dolet tortured and burned. [41] Printing was censored and leading Protestant reformers such as John Calvin were forced into exile. The persecutions soon numbered thousands of dead and tens of thousands of homeless. [42] Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk, head of the Eastern Rite Catholic Church in Ukraine, said that the Pope’s remarks had caused “great pain and worry”.

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Jensen, De Lamar, ed. Renaissance Europe: Age of Recovery and Reconciliation. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath and Company (2nd ed. 1991). What the [Russian] state, activist groups, school and university teachers are doing now is carrying this heritage to our youth, reminding them of it. And the fact that the pontiff sounds in unison with these efforts is very, very gratifying,” said Mr Peskov. ‘Be proud of your past’

Global Catholic climate group rebrands as Laudato Si' Movement", National Catholic Reporter, August 2, 2021. We fear that those words are understood by some as an encouragement of precisely this nationalism and imperialism, which is the real cause of the war in Ukraine,” he said. “War that every day brings death and destruction to our people.” Vatican: Glorification not intended Never forget your inheritance. You are the heirs of the great Russia. The great Russia of the saints, of the kings, of the great Russia of Peter the Great, of Catherine II, that great imperial Russia, cultivated, with so much culture and humanity. Thank you for your way of being, for your way of being Russian.” Valerie Martin, Salvation: Scenes from the Life of St. Francis, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. ISBN 0-375-40983-1. Hudleston, Roger, ed. (1926). The Little Flowers of Saint Francis. Archived from the original on 5 July 2019 . Retrieved 19 September 2014.Francis of Assisi, The Little Flowers (Fioretti), London, 2012. limovia.net ISBN 978-1-78336-013-0. Francis set out to imitate Christ and literally carry out his work. This is important in understanding Francis' character, his affinity for the Eucharist and respect for the priests who carried out the sacrament. [1] He preached: "Your God is of your flesh, He lives in your nearest neighbor, in every man." [35] Jensen, De Lamar. "The Ottoman Turks in Sixteenth Century French Diplomacy," Sixteenth Century Journal 16:4 (1985): 451–470 JSTOR 2541220

He was a king who ruled as well as reigned. He knew the importance of war and a high international profile in staking his claim to be a great warrior-king of France. In battle, he was brave, if impetuous, which led equally to triumph and disaster. Domestically, Francis exercised the spirit and letter of the royal prerogative to its fullest extent. He bargained hard over taxation and other issues with interest groups, often by appearing not to bargain at all. He enhanced royal power and concentrated decision-making in a tight personal executive but used a wide range of offices, gifts and his own personal charisma to build up an elective personal affinity among the ranks of the nobility upon whom his reign depended.... Under Francis, the court of France was at the height of its prestige and international influence during the 16th century. Although opinion has varied considerably over the centuries since his death, his cultural legacy to France, to its Renaissance, was immense and ought to secure his reputation as among the greatest of its kings. [48] Marriage and issue [ edit ] a b Anselme de Sainte-Marie, Père (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France[ Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). Vol.1 (3rded.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires. p.110. Pope John Paul II (29 November 1979). "Inter Sanctos (Apostolic Letter AAS 71)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 August 2014 . Retrieved 7 August 2014.During his reign, Francis kept two official mistresses at court. The first was Françoise de Foix, Countess of Châteaubriant. In 1526, she was replaced by the blonde-haired, cultured Anne de Pisseleu d'Heilly, Duchess of Étampes, who, with the death of Queen Claude two years earlier, wielded far more political power at court than her predecessor had done. Another of his earlier mistresses was allegedly Mary Boleyn, mistress of King HenryVIII and sister of Henry's future wife, Anne Boleyn. [50] Francis I in films, stage and literature [ edit ] a b Azzolini, Monica (2013). The Duke and the Stars: Astrology and Politics in Renaissance Milan. Harvard University Press. p.120.

Cantico del sol di Francesco d'Assisi, S.4 (sacred choral work, 1862, 1880–81; versions of the Prelude for piano, S. 498c, 499, 499a; version of the Prelude for organ, S. 665, 760; version of the Hosannah for organ and bass trombone, S.677) Lacoursière, Jacques (2005). Canada Quebec 1534–2000. Québec: Septentrion. p.28. ISBN 978-2894481868. Peter the Great and Catherine the Great’s efforts to expand Russian territory in the 17th and 18th centuries included conquering parts of Ukraine.

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a b c Gicquel, Yvonig [in French] (1986). Alain IX de Rohan, 1382–1462: un grand seigneur de l'âge d'or de la Bretagne (in French). Éditions Jean Picollec. p.480. ISBN 978-2864770718. a b Benians, Ernest Alfred; Newton, Arthur Percival; Rose, John Holland (1940). The English history of the British Empire. p.61 . Retrieved 23 August 2012. a b Marotta, Giulia (2016). "Revolutionary Monasticism?: Franciscanism and Ecclesiastical Hierarchy as a Hermeneutic Dilemma of Contemporary Catholicism". In Hunt, Stephen J. (ed.). Handbook of Global Contemporary Christianity: Movements, Institutions, and Allegiance. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Vol.12. Leiden: Brill Publishers. pp.165–184. doi: 10.1163/9789004310780_009. ISBN 978-90-04-26539-4. ISSN 1874-6691.

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